The Maine Coon is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America and is generally considered to be native to the state of Maine , of which it is the official cat. Its name derives from the New England state of Maine and from raccoon, due to its tail being very similar to that of a raccoon.
The Maine Coon is an imposing cat whose weight varies, in males, from 7 to 12 kgs and, in females, from 5 to 7 kgs. Although it is a large cat it is also a very docile animal. The Maine Coon is very attached to its owner but is also fond of the rest of the family and shares its home happily with other cats and other animals. One of its particular characteristics is that it is not afraid of water and can often be found dozing in the basin or in the shower.
The appearance of the dense abundant coat is deceptive as it would lead one to imagine great difficulty in keeping it clean and untangled but it is not so. The semi long hair of the Maine Coon requires no particular care or attention since it is water repellent, covered by a waterproofing film that protects the cat from bad weather. This natural “greasiness” prevents the coat from becoming tangled and matted. If you should decide to wash the cat you must pay great attention to dry the coat properly as it tends to retain moisture and could cause the cat to catch cold.
All coat colours are permitted except those that would show crossbreeding with other breeds, such as pointed patterns, Burmese factors and chocolate, lilac, cinnamon and fawn. Any amount of white is allowed and a completely white coated cat may have blue or odd eyes.
Head: Medium in size with square outline. Profile with a gentle concave slope. Gently curved forehead. Cheekbones high and prominent. Chin firm in vertical alignment with nose and upper
lip. Face and nose of medium length with a square outline of the muzzle. Distinct transition can be felt between muzzle and cheekbones .
Ears: Large, wide at the base. Moderately pointed. Lynx-tufts are desirable. Tufts of hair in the ears extend beyond outer edges of ears. Set high on head with very slight outward tilt. Ears should be placed one ear's width apart. The width extends slightly in older cats. Lower base set just slightly further back than upper base.
Eyes: Large and widely set. Slightly oval but not almond shaped, appear round when wide open. Set slightly slanted towards outer base of the ear. Any colour is permitted. There is no relationship between eye and coat colour. Clear eye colour is desirable.
Neck: Males have a very strong muscled neck .
Body: Long, substantial bone structure. Hard muscled, powerful, broad chested. Large framed, all parts of the body in proportion to create a rectangular appearance.
Legs: Substantial, medium length to create a rectangle with the body. Paws large, round and well tufted between the paws.
Tail: At least as long as the body from shoulder blade to base of tail. Wide at the base tapering to the tip; with full flowing hair. The hair on the tail is long and always remains flowing.
Coat: all weather coat. Dense. Short on head, shoulders and legs, becoming gradually longer down the back and sides with long, full shaggy baggy trousers on the hind legs and belly fur. A frill is expected. Texture silky. Coat has distinct body, falling smoothly. The undercoat is soft and fine, covered by the coarse smooth outercoat.